Community Development Project in Coastal Fishing Communities
Community Development in the fishing villages of Cabo Ledo and Buraco, Luanda, is a complex challenge. Environmental change combined with the aftermath of war have left fishing communities in need of assistance. Families have had to be mobile in order to respond to both seasonal and longer term changes in the location of fish, water has been scarce not only for planting trees but also for drinking and for hygiene, and schooling has been underprioritized.
The three year project from 2015-2018 seeks to improve the living conditions of 600 families by reducing illiteracy and by fighting poverty and hunger. The program employed to achieve this includes adult literacy learning, encouraging parents to send their children to primary school, promoting the building and use of latrines and of the digging of wells to get clean water, entrepreneurship training, raising awareness about HIV, malaria and TB, and tree planting. In addition, adult family members without valid identity cards receive assistance to obtain them and all adults have the opportunity to learn about their rights and about their duties towards society.
Community Action Groups (CAGs), of which there are 12 in each area, are important vehicles for the transmission of knowledge, information and ideas, whether about making business plans or eliminating open-air defecation, health and food hygiene or global warming and environmental protection. During the first half of this year, more than 2,500 people benefited from talks organized for CAGs in both Buraco as well as Cabo Ledo. At the same time, there were more than 500 adults in literacy training across Modules 1, 2 and 3 of the national program and 782 children attending primary schools. 54 tippy-tap handwashing systems have already been established in 2018, as have 42 latrines, with the annual goals for both elements expected to be reached by the end of the year. Three quarters of the planned 1,000 trees have been planted, as part of the programmed environmental improvements.
With the above activities achieving important milestones, despite the complexity of the situation and the mobility of the population, the program is working towards key Sustainable Development Goals, including SDG 1: No Poverty, SDG 2: Zero Hunger, SDG 3 : Good Health & Well-Being, SDG 4: Quality Education, SDG 6: Clean Water and Sanitation and SDG 13: Climate Change.
80 community members have recently completed an intensive course in Entrepreneurship, and combined with literacy training this has open new worlds for inviduals and the communities. As the project comes to the end of its three-year contract with the Ministry of Fisheries, some of the many changes in the communities include a higher basic level of education; a much strengthened ability to work together to bring about change, as evidenced by the visibly improved better basic sanitation; and a new spirit of optimism and entrepreneurship.